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If you have some garden space, why not create a haven for insects and log, with your little ones, what you see over time? Plant flowers and make other insect friendly features. You could start by planting wild flowers from seed and allowing a small section of your garden to 'overgrow'. Let a small patch of grass grow long naturally and sprinkle wildflower seed down. Don't worry if nettles or other weeds grow, these are perfect for insects!
If you want to create an insect garden more quickly you could buy some more established plants from a garden centre. Look for lavenders, budleias, cornflowers and wallflowers. These typical cottage garden plants attract butterflies and other insects.
Ladybirds are a gardeners friend - they live off many other insects regarded as pests, including aphids. You can buy ladybird shelters in most garden centres but you can also make one very easily. Take a plastic drink bottle (1 or 2 litre) and cut the bottom off it. Find a length of corrugated card and cut the width to match the length of the bottle. Roll the card up and place it inside the bottle. Thread some wire through the bottle and the card to keep it in place. Put the 'house' in the garden and see what you attract!
Make a log book with your children. Have them draw pictures of the flowers and insects, and make notes on what days you see different insects. Note which plants you see which insects on and create a project to follow throughout the spring and summer. Talk about the life cycle of insects, especially ones such as butterflies and ladybirds that go through a process of metamorphosis.